Umbilical Artery Doppler

Umbilical Artery Doppler Study Umbilical artery Dopplers are monitored for a variety of reasons in MFM.  This is typically a part of a fetal well being assessment.  We use the umbilical artery Doppler in the 2nd and 3rd trimester for growth restriction which helps us to determine placental insufficiency.  According to Radiopeadia, “Umbilical artery Doppler… Read More Umbilical Artery Doppler

Nutcracker Phenomenon/Syndrome

IntroductionNutcracker syndrome was first described in the literature by El-Sadr and Mina in 1950 [1]. It is considered a vascular compression disorder akin to May-Thurner syndrome (left iliac vein is compressed by the right iliac artery) and Thoracic outlet syndrome (compression of the vessel of the upper extremity)[2]. In normal anatomy the left renal vein… Read More Nutcracker Phenomenon/Syndrome