Nutcracker Phenomenon/Syndrome

Nutcracker syndrome is a vascular compression disorder. The left renal vein courses in between the Aorta and Superior Mesenteric Artery(SMA). If the descent of the SMA is to steep and the aorto-mesenteric angle to acute (normal angle is 38–65°) this could lead to left renal vein compression and Nutcracker syndrome/phenomenon. The difference between Nutcracker syndrome… Read More Nutcracker Phenomenon/Syndrome