Umbilical Artery Doppler

Umbilical Artery Doppler Study Umbilical artery Dopplers are monitored for a variety of reasons in MFM.  This is typically a part of a fetal well being assessment.  We use the umbilical artery Doppler in the 2nd and 3rd trimester for growth restriction which helps us to determine placental insufficiency.  According to Radiopeadia, “Umbilical artery Doppler… Read More Umbilical Artery Doppler

Nutcracker Phenomenon/Syndrome

Nutcracker syndrome is a vascular compression disorder. The left renal vein courses in between the Aorta and Superior Mesenteric Artery(SMA). If the descent of the SMA is to steep and the aorto-mesenteric angle to acute (normal angle is 38–65°) this could lead to left renal vein compression and Nutcracker syndrome/phenomenon. The difference between Nutcracker syndrome… Read More Nutcracker Phenomenon/Syndrome