Sonographically the liver is usually divided into right and left lobes . However the liver is divided into 8 functional segments with the Couinaud classification (pronounced kwee-NO). Each segment has it’s own vascular and biliary supply. The liver is divided horizontally by the portal veins and vertically by the hepatic veins. Segment I is the caudate lobe.… Read More Couinaud's Liver Segments
Hey there everyone, today we’re going to go on a journey, a sonographic journey through renal diseases reliably discovered via ultrasound.
… Read More Renal Pathology
Liver Protocol basics. The liver is the largest internal organ, the right lobe is 5-6 times larger than the left. Normally measures about 15cm at mid clavicular line in adults, there is much variation in pediatric populations by age and size. The liver is covered by a layer of connective tissue referred… Read More Liver Anatomy and Protocol basics
The gastrointestinal system (aka GI Tract, alimentary canal or digestive system) is a series of hollow tubes that begins in the mouth and ends in the anus. The primary function of the GI tract is to break down food into energy for the various metabolic processes involved with life. Digestion begins in the mouth, teeth… Read More Gastrointestinal Sonography
Fatty liver is a condition consisting of the accumulation of fat (triglycerides) in the form of vesicles within the livers hepatocytes. Fatty liver is divided into two subcategories; alcoholic fatty liver disease ALFD and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease or NAFLD, though the clinical outcomes are nearly the same. The condition is also associated with other diseases… Read More Hepatic Steatosis (Fatty Liver)
References: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/175667-overview http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/171886-overview Liddle, Rodger A., et al. “Cholecystokinin bioactivity in human plasma. Molecular forms, responses to feeding, and relationship to gallbladder contraction.” Journal of Clinical Investigation 75.4 (1985): 1144. Stampfer, Meir J., et al. “Risk of symptomatic gallstones in women with severe obesity.” The American journal of clinical nutrition 55.3 (1992): 652-658.
Nephrolithiasis typically refers to stones in the Kidney though in this article we’ll cover all stones in the urinary tract.
It is a common condition that affects 1 in 10 people in the US.… Read More Nephrolithiasis (Kidney Stones)