The appendix testis is a vestigial remnant of the Müllerian duct. It is a little nub of non functioning tissue that is normally located in the superior pole of the testicle. If this structure twists (torsion) it can lead to inflammation and pain. This process is most commonly seen in pediatrics especially prepubescent boys. Clinically… Read More Torsed Appendix Testis
Fatty liver is a condition consisting of the accumulation of fat (triglycerides) in the form of vesicles within the livers hepatocytes. Fatty liver is divided into two subcategories; alcoholic fatty liver disease ALFD and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease or NAFLD, though the clinical outcomes are nearly the same. The condition is also associated with other diseases… Read More Hepatic Steatosis (Fatty Liver)
References: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/175667-overview http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/171886-overview Liddle, Rodger A., et al. “Cholecystokinin bioactivity in human plasma. Molecular forms, responses to feeding, and relationship to gallbladder contraction.” Journal of Clinical Investigation 75.4 (1985): 1144. Stampfer, Meir J., et al. “Risk of symptomatic gallstones in women with severe obesity.” The American journal of clinical nutrition 55.3 (1992): 652-658.
Spine ultrasound provides a high resolution imaging technique to rule out common and uncommon vertebral column pathologies like tethered cord syndrome and other spinal dysraphisms.
Subgaleal hemorrhage is a rare collection of fluid in the potential space of the galeal or epicranial aponeurosisand cranial periosteum. Birth trauma and forceps use typically cause it (90% of cases), and may also be present in patients with blood clotting disorders. This condition is similar in appearance to a cephalohematoma, though the cephalohematomas are… Read More Subgaleal Hematoma
The thyroid is an endocrine organ that secretes hormones that regulate
metabolism and protein synthesis.
The gland is about 10 – 20 g and butterfly shaped with 2 lobes and isthmus, 30 % of the population also have a pyramidal lobe the extends superior to the isthmus.… Read More Thyroid Ultrasound
Omphalocele and Gastroschisis fall under an umbrella of ventral/anterior thoraco-abdominal wall defects that also include bladder extrophy and ectopia cordis. Prenatal ultrasound is essential in the detection of these conditions. Fetal gut herniation is a normal part of intrauterine development. Begins at 6-8 weeks and completes by 10-12 weeks. The gut elongates or grows… Read More Omphalocele vs. Gastroschisis
Neonatal Hip Ultrasound Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip is a congenital disorder in which the acetabulum is underdeveloped or there is dislocation of the hip. Incidence of DDH is 1.5 in 1,000 it is more seen in females with a ratio of about 4:1. IndicationsAbnormal PhysicalHip ClickBreech PresentationOligohydramniosFamily history or follow up for known Dysplasia… Read More Neonatal Hip Ultrasound