Introduction Multiple Sclerosis is a chronic progressive neurodegenerative disorder that can affect the brain, spinal cord and optic nerve. It does so via immune mediated damage to the myelin sheath, a modified plasma membrane that surrounds the nerve axon . It is an autoimmune inflammatory disease that causes demyelination which in turn leads to the… Read More Multiple Sclerosis
Intracranial Hemorrhage of Prematurity Intraventricular hemorrhages aka Germinal Matrix/Subependymal bleeds are believed to happen due to poor autoregulation of premature infants, sudden changes in pressure or oxygen saturation can cause sudden reperfusion which ruptures of the tiny delicate vessels within the germinal matrix Etiologic Factors Prevalence Most of the Bleeds occur earlyDay 1 50%Day 2… Read More Intraventricular Hemorrhage
Follow this link for the youtube series which features the 100 question mock exam in several videos. Sample questions Answers on next page
Thoracic ultrasound is used to image the lung, pleura and soft tissues. Lung ultrasound is particularly useful in critically ill patients and patients with infectious respiratory conditions like pneumonia. Conditions Readily assessed with lung ultrasound: pleural effusion pneumonia pneumothorax pulmonary edema Protocol Using a linear, sector or small curvilnear transducer, divide the chest into parasternal,… Read More Chest and Lung Ultrasound
Given the pandemic status and constant coverage along with countries closing down, it is certain most of you have heard of Covid-19. As healthcare workers including sonographers, radiographers, physicians, nurses, respiratory therapists, phlebotomists etc… We may come in contact or be affected by this pathogen. So what is Covid-19? Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an… Read More Covid-19
The gallbladder is an oblong pear shaped structure located on the underside of the liver. It is located at the level of the middle hepatic vein aka Cantlie’s line between segments IV and V. The normal distended gallbladder is approximately 7-10 cm in length and 4 cm in diameter. The capacity is usually 50 ml(1.8 fl oz) of bile. The GB is divided into neck, body and fundus, sonographic appearance is anechoic with an echogenic wall.… Read More Gallbladder and Biliary Pathology
Sonographically the liver is usually divided into right and left lobes . However the liver is divided into 8 functional segments with the Couinaud classification (pronounced kwee-NO). Each segment has it’s own vascular and biliary supply. The liver is divided horizontally by the portal veins and vertically by the hepatic veins. Segment I is the caudate lobe.… Read More Couinaud’s Liver Segments
Hey there everyone, today we’re going to go on a journey, a sonographic journey through renal diseases reliably discovered via ultrasound.
… Read More Renal Pathology
Continuing with the series, here’s the videos for RVT. Stay tuned for other specialties coming in the following weeks!
Continuing with the series, here’s the videos for OB GYN. Stay tuned for other specialties coming in the following weeks!